Prambanan Ramayana Ballet Dance
The legend of old ancient wonder of a romantic powerful empire
A spectacular show that takes you on a sensory odyssey through magnificent performance of light and sound of Javanese traditional dances.
The refined, expressive movements of classical Javanese dance come to life in this dramatic, open-air retelling of the Ramayana, including up to 200 dancers and dozens of accompanying musicians.
The Ramayana is a story of epical dimensions and living legend for millennia. Amongst the ancient literature, the tale of the heroic Prince Rama and his loyal wife Sita might be the most influential story. From the land of its birth in India, most of Indian people tend to refer to the story under the term Ramayana.
This Sanskrit epic spanning over seven kandas or books and 20.000 stanzas. To quote Malini Saran and Vinod C. Khanna in their book ‘The Ramayana in Indonesia’ the Ramayana is perhaps unparalleled in the history of world literature. In Indian tradition it was termed as adikavya, the first poem. In many scholarly works it was assumed that its original author was Valmiki. In its origin, the Valmiki Ramayana is an oral composition. When he lived and wrote there can be no definite answer. But, it is relatively safe presumption that it was around the 1st century B.C. Since then, the Ramayana spread to near by countries by the end of the first millennium A.D.
The first historical mention of the Ramayana in Southeast Asia is a sixth century inscription in Cambodia. Then, the Ramakerti in Khmer version was known in around 16th to 17th century. In Indonesia (Java), at sometime around the end of the ninth century A.D. the story of Rama come from a sculptural narration at Prambanan temple and a poetic rendition in Old Javanese in Java and also in Bali. After the coming of Islam in Java around the thirteenth century A.D. the Ramayana story continued to flourish and appeared in new manifestation the Hikayat Seri Rama and Serat Kanda Ramayanan represent two best story of Rama from the early centuries of the Islamic period in Indonesia.
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Prambanan at Night
Prambanan Hindus ProcessionTawur Agung
A process toward soul purification for a thousand Hindus pilgrimage
A process toward soul purification for the Hindus. Tawur Agung is a ritual ceremony at Prambanan Temple that attempts to maintain the balance of nature. The ceremony is held to purify the earth and return it to its state of harmony, that is the harmony between Bhuwana Alit (micro cosmos) and Bhuwana Agung (macro cosmos). Tawur Agung is a ritual series aimed as a process toward soul purification for the Hindus. The ceremony is held a day before Hari Raya Nyepi (the day of silence). In the Çaka New Year day, the Hindus across the country are commemorating the Seclusion Day. They honored tapa brata, a day of no activity except for religious discussions.
The purpose of Nyepi is that New Year should begin with nothingness as it is believed that all existence originated from nothing. During Nyepi, four rules are practiced: amati geni (no fire or light), amati karya (no work or activity), amati lelungan (no movement) and amati lelangan (no desire).
Tawur Agung rituals are performed when the sun reaches its zenith. Incense fills the air and the reciting of the Wedas is accompanied by the tinkling of bells. As the congregations sit quietly, the gamelan turns out solemn beats in keeping with the occasion. Tawur Agung is held almost always in March.
UNESCO World Culture Heritage
The tallest and the most beautiful Hindu temple in the world
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple of ancient Java, and the construction of this royal temple was probably started by Rakai Pikatan as the Hindu Sanjayas answer to the Buddhist Sailendra’s Borobudur and Sewu temples nearby.
Built in the 9th century, this is the largest temple compound dedicated to Shiva in Indonesia. Rising above the centre of the last of these concentric squares are three temples decorated with reliefs illustrating the epic of the Ramayana, dedicated to the three great Hindu divinities (Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma) and three temples dedicated to the animals who serve them. The temple compound located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta city on the boundary between Yogyakarta and Central Java province, Indonesia.
It is characterised by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47m high central building inside a large complex of individual temples.
Prambanan Temple Complex is the largest Shiva temple complex in Java consisting of 240 temples and was completed around 900 A.D. The temple was abandoned, crumbled down and collapsed in about 1600 AD. The reconstruction of Prambanan Temple started in 1918 and the main Shiva Temple was completed in 1953. In 1991, Prambanan Temple was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List. Ref. 642. (Source: UNESCO)
Prambanan Temple Airial View