Ratu Boko History


The history of Ratu Boko is unclear, and much of what is understood about the site comes from inscriptions and even folklore. The oldest inscription found on the site is believed to date back to 792AD, naming the site Abhayagiri Wihara.

Archaeologists believe that the ruler of the Saliendra Dynasty between 760-780, Rakai Panangkaran, built Ratu Boko after he resigned from his leadership. It is said that he resigned because he wanted to find spiritual peace and concentrate on religious matters. Abhayagiri Wihara means ‘peaceful Buddhist monastery’. The site chosen has fairly spectacular views.

The name of the site changed to Walaing Kraton in an inscription known as the Mandyasih inscription. In the local language, Kraton means Palace. It was Rakai Walaing pu Kumbhayoni, who was recognized as a king and ruled the dynasty from 856-863 AD, who changed the name of the site.

During the 17th Century, a Dutch man H.J.DeGraff noted that Europeans coming to Indonesia had reported a heritage site, and referred to it being the palace of Prabu Boko, a king who came originally from Bali. This is the Prabu Boko of the Loro Djonggrang folklore.

A mix of Buddhist and Hindu structures are found on the complex, including the Buddhist Dyani Budha, Stupika, Terakota Tablet, and a gold and silver plaque with a Buddhist inscription, three small Hindu temples, as well as Yoni, a Durga statue, a Ganesha statue and a plaque with an inscription to Rudra, the other name for the god Shiva.


A Dutch researcher Van Boeckholtz was the first to discover the ruins of Ratu Boko in 1790. However, serious researches about the temple were done a hundred years after. According to archaeologists, Ratu Boko Temple served as Kraton, religious place and cave.

Structural Design

The site splits neatly into four areas. The building located on terraces up the hill with the front yar located on the west side. There are three terraces, with each terrace divided by andesite stone fence.


Approximately 2 hectares, this area is known by locals as Mount Tlatar – hill of arranged stones. The hill sides are quite steep and only parts of it are used for farming. The archaeological finds here have been interesting: a sedimentary rock pathway, small and large ponds, as well as local and foreign earthenware.



The large stone gates are impressive, the first gate has three entrances, and the second gate has five entrances. The shape of these entrances is known as Paduraksa and is a traditional Javanese construction. Not far from the gates there is a limestone Batu Putih temple, the name means ‘white stone’.

There is also a structure that consists of two levels which measures 26 metres square. The centre is a deep square hole. It is speculated that this would have been a crematorium.

This zone also has a large pond and a series of base stones which would have held building pillars. Using the traditional building techniques of the time, the pillars walls and roof would have been made from organic materials, so they are no longer remaining.



Evidence exists of an audience hall or pavilion surrounded by a stone wall with another Paduraksa entrance way. The position of where the pillars would have been located is evident. A rectangular pool is nearby, as well as three small temples. Another series of round and rectangular pools is in this area.



The Eastern area has more ponds and also a series of caves. The caves are carved into the rock. The Lanang Cave houses three white stone statues. Stairs down to some of the caves have been carved in to the hillside rock. A statue of Buddha is also found in this area.

Visitors Statistic

Domestic Ratu Boko

Foreigner Ratu Boko

Taman Wisata Keraton Ratu Boko

Address : Jl Prambanan-Piyungan Bokoharjo Prambanan Sleman Yogyakarta
Phone : +62 274 496 510
Fax : +62 274 498 325
Email : ratuboko@borobudurpark.co.id

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Ramayana Ballet Special Performance

November 27, 2015November 27, 2015
rmyn_special DON"T MISS IT!!! The Special Performance of Ramayana Ballet Prambanan Ramayanan Ballet Prambanan will be perform on 20 and 29 December 2015 at Trimurti Theatre, from 10 - 11 AM. For ticket admission and more information, please call Ramayana Ballet Prambanan Address : Jl Jogja-Solo Km 16 Yogyakarta
Phone : +62 274 496 408 / +62 274 497 771
Fax : +62 274 496 408
Email : teater@borobudurpark.com


September 4, 2015September 4, 2015
prambanan jazz     Rajawali Indonesia Communication with supported by PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, & Ratu Boko proudly Present The Greatest Jazz Festival in Jogjakarta "PRAMBANAN JAZZ INTERNATIONAL MUSIC FESTIVAL"   at Prambanan Temple Jogjakarta Oktober 16th 2015 Start : 8 PM (Open Gate : 6 PM)   With Special performance from -          Tompi -          Kenny G -          Isyana Sarasvati -          And many more   Ticket available in -          locketics.com -          Sate Afrika ( +62 274 – 283 0739)   Hotline : 0274 521 328 0822 4271 8000 Grab fast and enjoy the magnificent jazz performance from the magnificent venue, prambanan temple

Ratu Boko Music and Art Festival 2015

August 28, 2015August 28, 2015
new_revJun17-01new_revJun17-01 PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, & Ratu Boko Proudly present "Ratu Boko Music and Art Festival 2015" join us at the moment where music and cultural heritage unite into a harmony,from the best live panoramas of magnificent Ratu Boko Palace -Ratu Boko Music & Art Festival 2015-
July, 23 - 26, 2015 / 9.00 am - 5.00 pm
-Serenade Jazz From Ratu Boko-
Faet Nita aartsenn & Quarto ft. Trie Utami
Opening act by IENA Orchestra (Yogyakarta young musician)
July 25, 2015 /6.00 Pm
Tiket IDR 100K
  1.  PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan, & Ratu Boko telp : +62 274 496 406/+62 274 496 402

  2.  Bhiva Tour & Travel, Jl.Ringroad utara 66, Yogyakarta. T.+62 274-4333870.

  3. ADSOR Yogyakarta. Graha Pugong Lor Ruko 2-4, Ring Road Utara Yogyakarta ADSOR Purnomo Semarang, jl Pandanaran 34, tel. +62 24-8411107