Mendut is located in Mendut village of Mungkid subdistrict in Magelang, Central Java. It is only 3 kilometers from Borobudur Temple, which is believed to be closely related to Pawon and Mendut temples. The three temples are on a straight line from north to south.
Mendut was built by the first king of Syailendra dynasty in 824 AD. The assumption is founded on the content of Karangtengah inscription (824 AD), which mentions King Indra had built a shrine called Wenuwana (bamboo forest) or Mendut temple. This temple is also assumed to be older than Borobudur.
Mendut is laid out on a rectangular plan, standing 26.4 meters high. The body of this Buddhist temple is laid on a 2 meter high platform, which also serves as a walkway. The wall that encircles the platform is adorned with 31 panels of story-telling relief, and sculptures of beautiful flowers and climbing plants. Some spots along the walkway’s outer wall have jaladwara or water channel to drain water from the walkway. Stairs to the walkway are placed on the west side, right in front of the door into the temple’s interior.